Chemical Composition and Formation Process

Chrome diopside is a chromium-rich variety of the mineral diopside, which is a member of the pyroxene group. Its chemical formula is CaMgSi₂O₆ with chromium replacing some of the magnesium, giving it a rich green color. It forms in high-pressure environments, such as those found in the Earth’s mantle and metamorphic rocks.

Names and Alternative Names

The name is derived from its composition, specifically the chromium content that gives it its green color. Alternative names include “Russian Diopside” or “Siberian Emerald,” referencing its rich green hue and primary source.

Mining, Production and Use

Chrome diopside was first discovered in Siberia in the 1980s and remains primarily mined in Russia. Other sources include Pakistan and Canada. The mining process involves extracting the mineral from metamorphic rock formations. Once mined, the mineral is cut and polished to create beads and other jewelry pieces. Its rich green color makes it popular in the jewelry market, though it is relatively soft and requires careful handling.


Modern Gemstone Markets: In both India and Russia, Chrome Diopside appreciates for its rich green color, which rivals that of emeralds but at a more affordable price point. This makes it a popular choice for those looking for an attractive yet budget-friendly green gemstone.

Chrome Diopside associates with the heart chakra in Indian gemology and metaphysical beliefs. It is believed to promote emotional well-being, healing, and balance. In Indian spiritual practitioners use it in meditation to enhance clarity and facilitate connection with higher consciousness.

In Russia, Chrome Diopside has gained prominence primarily due to its discovery in Siberia. Although there are no ancient Russian mythologies directly connected to Chrome Diopside, its discovery has led to it being known as the “Russian Emerald” or “Siberian Emerald” due to its vivid green color.


Chrome Diopside